Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world, but for those of you who are just learning the sport, there are some fundamental rules you need to know in order to participate in the sport, wither as a player or a spectator. Basketball is a ten-player game with two teams of five players each. In professional teams, there are more than five players, but only that many on the court at any one time. Additional players will substitute in for each other during the game, either during a time out or between quarters of the game.
The whole point of basketball is to shoot a ball through a hoop while following certain rules. Some of these include no traveling, no technical fouls, or a free-throw ensues, allowing the opposing team or player to shoot from a free throw line without any interference from other players. A basketball net is hung 10 feet from the ground. If certain rules of the game are followed, a player may attempt to shoot the ball through the hoop from almost anywhere on the court, as long as it is inside the boundary lines and within a certain time. There is a shot clock for each time, allotting a team a set period to attempt to make a basket. There are field goals, where a shot is worth 3 points, and lay-ups or other basket attempts made close to the net which are worth two points. If a basketball goes into the net during the time and boundaries specified, then the team who made the basket get points.
Basketball has been around since 1891 and has seen different variations depending on casual league play, professional play, and street ball played, for instance on the streets of Venice Beach and New York City. The general rules are the same with only slight variations no matter the type of basketball being played.